FHA Loans
(Federal Housing Administration)

FHA Loans

  • 3.50% Down Payment
  • Down Payment Assistance Available (Restrictions Apply)
  • 580 Minimum Credit Score
  • Loan Terms from 10 to 30 Years
  • Down Payment Can be Gifted
  • 1.75% Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premium
  • Financed into Loan Amount
  • 0.55% Monthly Mortgage Insurance
  • Remains for Life of Loan (if Down Payment is < 10%)
  • $498,257 Maximum Loan Amount (Jefferson County)

FHA purchase loans are mortgage loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), a government agency within the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These loans are designed to make homeownership more accessible for first-time buyers and borrowers with lower credit scores or limited down payment funds.

Here are some key features of FHA purchase loans:

  1. FHA Insurance: FHA purchase loans are insured by the FHA, which means that if the borrower defaults on the loan, the FHA reimburses the lender for the loss. This insurance provides lenders with more confidence to offer loans to borrowers with less-than-ideal credit or smaller down payments.
  2. Down Payment: One of the advantages of FHA loans is the lower down payment requirement. The minimum down payment for an FHA purchase loan is typically 3.5% of the purchase price. This is lower than the down payment required for most conventional loans, which usually starts at 5%.
  3. Credit Requirements: FHA loans are known for accommodating borrowers with lower credit scores. While specific requirements can vary among lenders, borrowers with credit scores of 580 or higher may qualify for the 3.5% down payment option. Borrowers with credit scores between 500 and 579 may still be eligible but may need to make a larger down payment, typically 10%.
  4. Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP): FHA loans require borrowers to pay an upfront mortgage insurance premium (UFMIP) at closing, typically 1.75% of the loan amount. In addition to the UFMIP, borrowers are also required to pay an annual mortgage insurance premium (MIP) as part of their monthly mortgage payment. The MIP amount depends on the loan term, loan-to-value ratio, and other factors.
  5. Loan Limits: FHA sets loan limits for different counties, which determine the maximum loan amount that can be borrowed in a particular area. These limits are subject to change and are influenced by the housing market and property values in each region.
  6. Property Requirements: FHA loans also have specific property requirements. The property being purchased must meet certain standards regarding safety, security, and habitability. An FHA-approved appraiser will assess the property to ensure it meets these guidelines.

FHA purchase loans can be a viable option for borrowers who may not qualify for conventional loans due to lower credit scores or limited down payment funds. It's important to work with an FHA-approved lender who can guide you through the loan process and provide accurate information about eligibility, requirements, and loan limits.

Frequently Asked Questions

FHA loans are mortgages insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). They allow borrowers to purchase homes with a lower down payment (usually as low as 3.5%) and more lenient credit requirements. FHA loans are offered by FHA-approved lenders, and the FHA insures the loan against default, reducing the risk for lenders

Generally, borrowers are limited to one FHA loan at a time. However, there are exceptions, such as when a borrower needs to relocate for work or when they are co-borrowers on another FHA-insured mortgage but are not occupying the property as their primary residence.

FHA loans are government-backed mortgages designed to help low-to-moderate-income borrowers purchase homes with more flexible lending requirements. They are popular for their low down payment options and lenient credit score requirements.

Eligibility for FHA loans is based on factors such as credit score, debt-to-income ratio, and the ability to make a down payment. Generally, individuals with a credit score of 580 or higher may qualify for the minimum down payment of 3.5%, while those with lower credit scores may still be eligible with a higher down payment.

The denial rate for FHA loans in underwriting can vary depending on factors such as the borrower's financial profile, credit history, and the lender's underwriting standards. While there is no definitive statistic on denial rates, borrowers can improve their chances of approval by ensuring they meet all FHA loan requirements.

Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) on FHA loans is known as Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP). The MIP amount is calculated based on the loan amount, loan term, and loan-to-value (LTV) ratio. Borrowers can use an FHA MIP calculator or consult with their lender to determine the MIP amount for their specific loan.

The Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP) for FHA loans consists of an upfront premium and an annual premium. The upfront premium is typically 1.75% of the loan amount and is paid at closing. The annual premium varies depending on the loan term, loan amount, and LTV ratio.

The debt-to-income (DTI) ratio for FHA loans is generally capped at 43%, although some lenders may accept higher ratios under certain circumstances. The DTI ratio is calculated by dividing the borrower's total monthly debt payments by their gross monthly income.

FHA construction loans, also known as FHA 203(k) loans, are offered by FHA-approved lenders. These loans allow borrowers to finance the purchase or refinance of a home and the cost of renovations or repairs into a single mortgage loan.

Pros of FHA Loans:

Lower Down Payment: FHA loans typically require a lower down payment compared to conventional loans, making homeownership more accessible for borrowers with limited savings.

Flexible Credit Requirements: FHA loans have more lenient credit score requirements, allowing borrowers with less-than-perfect credit to qualify for financing.

Competitive Interest Rates: FHA loans often offer competitive interest rates, making them an attractive option for borrowers seeking affordable mortgage payments.

Assumable Loans: FHA loans are assumable, meaning that if the borrower sells the home, the buyer can take over the existing FHA loan, potentially making the property more appealing to prospective buyers.

Cons of FHA Loans:

Mortgage Insurance Premiums: FHA loans require borrowers to pay for mortgage insurance premiums (MIP), both upfront and annually. This additional cost can increase the overall expense of homeownership.

Loan Limits: FHA loan limits are set by the Federal Housing Administration and may be lower than the purchase price of higher-priced homes in certain areas. Borrowers may need to seek alternative financing for properties that exceed FHA loan limits.

Property Standards: FHA loans have strict property standards that must be met, including requirements for safety, security, and structural integrity. Some properties may not qualify for FHA financing if they do not meet these standards.

Limited Eligibility: FHA loans are only available to certain borrowers who meet FHA eligibility requirements, including income limits and occupancy guidelines. Not all borrowers may qualify for FHA loans, particularly those with higher incomes or specific property types.